Technological watch

Computational analysis into the potential of azo dyes as a feedstock for actinorhodin biosynthesis in <i>Pseudomonas putida</i>

AbstractFermentation-based biosynthesis in synthetic biology relies heavily on sugar-derived feedstocks, a limited and carbon-intensive commodity. Unconventional feedstocks from less-noble sources such as waste are being utilized to produce high-value chemical products. Azo dyes, a major pollutant commonly discharged by food, textile, and pharmaceutical industries, present significant health and environmental risks. We explore the potential of engineering Pseudomonas putida KT2440 to utilize azo dyes as a substrate to produce a polyketide, actinorhodin (ACT). Using the constrained minimal cut sets (cMCS) approach, we identified metabolic interventions that optimize ACT biosynthesis and compare the growth-coupling solutions attainable on an azo dye compared to glucose. Our results predicted that azo dyes could perform better as a feedstock for ACT biosynthesis than glucose as it allowed growth-coupling regimes that are unfeasible with glucose and generated an 18.28% higher maximum ACT flux. By examining the flux distributions enabled in different carbon sources, we observed that carbon fluxes from aromatic compounds like azo dyes have a unique capability to leverage gluconeogenesis to support both growth and production of secondary metabolites that produce excess NADH. Carbon sources are commonly chosen based on the host organism, availability, cost, and environmental implications. We demonstrated that careful selection of carbon sources is also crucial to ensure that the resulting flux distribution is suitable for further metabolic engineering of microbial cell factories.

Publication date: 04/03/2024

Author: Parsa Nayyara,  Dani Permana,  Riksfardini A. Ermawar,  Ratih Fahayana




This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 870292.