Preparation and Band Gap Characteristics of Composite Film/Substrate Instability System
Soft materials such as biological tissues are prone to deformation and generate different stable structures under external stimulation. This property is widely used to create tunable patterns, and the tuning of the wrinkling patterns can be applied to the control of elastic waves. In this paper, the wrinkling modes of film/substrate systems with different geometric dimensions and material parameters were studied. It is verified by numerical simulation that the elastic wave band gaps corresponding to the two wrinkling modes can be effectively superposed in one system, and the experimental samples with two wrinkling modes coexisting in one system were prepared by parameter optimization and a moisture-curing process. A vibration test showed that the hybrid system could effectively suppress the propagation of elastic waves. Combined with engineering needs, the wrinkling system under different loading conditions was studied, which provides a design guide for widening and regulating the elastic wave band gap.