3D Printable Dynamic Hydrogel: As Simple as it Gets!
3D Printing technology offers a vast range of applications for tissue engineering applications. Over the past decade a vast range of new equipment has been developed; while, 3D printable biomaterials, especially hydrogels, are investigated to fit the printability requirements. The current candidates for bioprinting often requires post?printing cross?linking to maintain their shape. On the other hand, dynamic hydrogels are considered as the most promising candidate for this application with their extrudability and self?healing properties. However, it proves to be very difficult to match the required rheological in a simple material. Here, we present for the first time the simplest formulation of a dynamic hydrogel based on thiol?functionalized hyaluronic acid formulated with gold ions that fulfill all the requirements to be printed without the use of external stimuli, as judged by the rheological studies. The printability was also demonstrated with a 3D printer allowing to print the dynamic hydrogel as it is, achieving 3D construct with a relatively good precision and up to 24 layers, corresponding to 10 mm high. This material is the simplest 3D printable hydrogel and its mixture with cells and biological compounds is expected to open a new era in 3D bioprinting.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved