Technological watch

Anaerobic digestion of fruit and vegetable waste: a critical review of associated challenges

The depletion of fossil fuels coupled with stringent environmental laws has encouraged us to develop sustainable renewable energy. Due to its numerous benefits, anaerobic digestion (AD) has emerged as an environment-friendly technology. Biogas generated during AD is primarily a mixture of CH4 (65–70%) and CO2 (20–25%) and a potent energy source that can combat the energy crisis in today’s world. Here, an attempt has been made to provide a broad understanding of AD and delineate the effect of various operational parameters influencing AD. The characteristics of fruit and vegetable waste (FVW) and its feasibility as a potent substrate for AD have been studied. This review also covers traditional challenges in managing FVW via AD, the implementation of various bioreactor systems to manage large amounts of organic waste and their operational boundaries, microbial consortia involved in each phase of digestion, and various strategies to increase biogas production.


This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 870292.