Improved Metaheuristic Algorithm Based Finite Element Model Updating of a Hybrid Girder Cable-Stayed Railway Bridge
This study proposes a generally applicable improvement strategy for metaheuristic algorithms, improving the algorithm&rsquo;s accuracy and local convergence in finite element (FE) model updating. Based on the idea of &ldquo;survival of the fittest&rdquo; in biological evolution, the improvement strategy introduces random crossover and mutation operators into metaheuristic algorithms to improve the accuracy and stability of the solution. The effectiveness of the improvement strategy with three typical metaheuristic algorithms was comprehensively tested by benchmark functions and numerical simulations of a space truss structure. Meanwhile, the initial FE model of a railway hybrid girder cable-stayed bridge was updated to examine the effect of the improved metaheuristic algorithm within the FE model, updating for complex engineering structures. The results show that the accuracy and stability of the improved metaheuristic algorithm were improved by this process. After the initial FE model of the hybrid girder cable-stayed bridge was updated, the calculated frequencies and displacements were closer to the measured values, better representing the actual structure, and showing that this process can be used for baseline FE models of bridges.