Cell-Free Escherichia coli Synthesis System Based on Crude Cell Extracts: Acquisition of Crude Extracts and Energy Regeneration
Cell-free synthetic biology is advancing with unprecedented control and design. The development of cell-free biosynthesis involves both pure enzyme and crude enzyme systems. The relatively cheap crude enzyme system is more suitable for the scientific research needs of ordinary laboratories. The key factor in giving full play to the advantages of the system is to obtain high-quality cell crude extract and its energy regeneration system, but there is no systematic report on the development history of these two aspects. Therefore, in this paper, the development history of the process of obtaining crude extract from cell-free biosynthesis was carried out based on Escherichia coli, which is widely used at present, and the energy regeneration system was briefly introduced. Finally, the challenges of current cell-free synthetic systems are discussed.