Poly(lactic acid)-Based Electrospun Fibrous Structures for Biomedical Applications
Poly(lactic acid)(PLA) is an aliphatic polyester that can be derived from natural and renewable resources. Owing to favorable features, such as biocompatibility, biodegradability, good thermal and mechanical performance, and processability, PLA has been considered as one of the most promising biopolymers for biomedical applications. Particularly, electrospun PLA nanofibers with distinguishing characteristics, such as similarity to the extracellular matrix, large specific surface area and high porosity with small pore size and tunable mechanical properties for diverse applications, have recently given rise to advanced spillovers in the medical area. A variety of PLA-based nanofibrous structures have been explored for biomedical purposes, such as wound dressing, drug delivery systems, and tissue engineering scaffolds. This review highlights the recent advances in electrospinning of PLA-based structures for biomedical applications. It also gives a comprehensive discussion about the promising approaches suggested for optimizing the electrospun PLA nanofibrous structures towards the design of specific medical devices with appropriate physical, mechanical and biological functions.