Investigation of melamine and DOPO-derived flame retardants for the bioplastic cellulose acetate
In order to identify suitable flame retardant additives for the eco-friendly polymer cellulose acetate (CA), high-melting derivatives of the known flame retardant 9,10-dihydro-9-oxa-10-phosphaphenanthrene-10-oxide (DOPO) were combined with the thermoplastic CA and the combustion properties were tested. CA mixtures with bis-phosphonamidates (EDA-DOPO and PIP-DOPO) showed distinct flame retardation effects and a reduction of peak heat release rates (PHRR) by up to 18%. CA mixtures with MDOP, a melamine salt of DOPA (an oxidation product of DOPO), also showed considerable effects and a reduction of PHRR by up to 27%. While producing more smoke than pure CA and CA plus melamine, owing to its aromatic component, MDOP was superior to the CA mixtures with DOPO, EDA-DOPO and PIP-DOPO in this regard. The mixture of CA with melamine gave rise to a distinctly reduced formation of toxic CO and smoke when compared with pure CA. Thus, these additives can be considered for future applications of CA-based polymers with enhanced flame protection.
Publication date: 01/10/2020
Author: Justus Koedel, Christoph Callsen, Markus Weise, Florian Puchtler, Andy Weidinger, Volker Altstaedt, Rainer Schobert, Bernhard Biersack