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Biosynthesis, purification and structure-property relationships of new cyanobacterial exopolysaccharides

Exopolysaccharides are considered as omnipresent and abundant bioproducts. However, the diversity of cyanobacteria offers a great opportunity for discovering new bioproducts as they are not properly explored. The current work targeted to characterize an indigenous cyanobacterial strain CCC-746 isolated from Bishnupur, India for production of exo-polysaccharides. The molecular and microscopic observation stated that the isolated cyanobacteria is Anabaena sp. The analysis of biomass composition showed carbohydrates, protein, lipid, ash and moisture content are 32.10%, 36.56%, 24.13%, 5.89% and 1.32% (w/w) respectively. The maximum production of EPS was 340.70 mg/L, when grown in 10 mM CaCl2 supplemented BG11 medium. The capsular polysaccharide and released exo-polysaccharide were purified by gel filtration chromatography, and molecular weight was found as 12.52 and 9.2 kDa, respectively. The major component of both exo-polysaccharides was carbohydrate with glucose, xylose and glucuronic acid as major monosaccharides. Capsular polysaccharide and released exo-polysaccharide were composed of [?4)-Glcp-(1?] backbone. Both exo-polysaccharide were found negative in charge and showed remarkable antioxidant and scavenging activities. Capsular polysaccharide and released exo-polysaccharide solubilized in aqueous solution exhibited the behaviour of pseudo-plastic fluids.

Publication date: 01/09/2020

Author: Onkar Nath Tiwari, Muthusivaramapandian Muthuraj, Biswanath Bhunia, Tarun Kanti Bandyopadhyay, K. Annapurna, Minakshi Sahu, Th Indrama

Polymer Testing

This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 870292.