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Preparation and antimicrobial properties of LL?37 peptide immobilized lignin/caprolactone polymer film

The use of biopolymers has gained priority in tissue engineering and biotechnology, both as dressing material and for enhancing treatment efficiency. There is a demand for new biopolymers designed with protease inhibitors and antimicrobials. LL?37 is an important antimicrobial peptide in human skin and exhibits a broad spectrum of antimicrobial activity against bacteria, fungi, and viral pathogens. Using lignin which is an abundant carbohydrate polymer in nature and a polyacrylic acid, we prepared a lignin/caprolactone biodegradable film by plastifying caprolactone and polyacyrlic acid. Lignin/caprolactone biodegradable film was activated with CDI and then immobilized LL?37 peptide. The structure was elucidated in terms of its functional groups by attenuated total reflectance?fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (ATR?FTIR), and the morphology of the lignin/caprolactone biodegradable film was characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) before and after the immobilization process. The amount of LL?37 immobilized was determined by ELISA method. It was found that 97% of LL?37 peptide was successfully immobilized onto the lignin/caprolactone biodegradable film. Antimicrobial activity was determined in the lignin/caprolactone biodegradable film samples by quantitative antimicrobial activity method. According to the results, LL?37 immobilized lignin/caprolactone biodegradable film samples were effective on test organisms; Gram?positive Staphylococcus aureus and Gram?negative Escherichia coli. In bio?compatibility assays, the ability to support tissue cell integration was detected by using 3 T3 mouse fibroblasts. Samples were examined under transverse microscope, non?immobilized sample showed a huge cellular death, whereas LL?37 immobilized lignin/caprolactone biodegradable film had identical cellular growth with the control group. This dual functional lignin/caprolactone biodegradable film with enhanced antibacterial properties and increased tissue cell compatibility may be used to design new materials for various types of biological applications.

Publication date: 18/05/2020

Author: Ay?e Ogan, Ba?ak Yüce?Dursun, Deka Abdullah, Asl? Beyler?Çi?il, Memet Vezir Kahraman, P?nar Ça?layan, Meral Birbir, Özal Mutlu, Nagihan Gülsoy

Reference: doi:10.1002/pat.4942

Polymers for Advanced Technologies

This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 870292.