Effects of the proportion of two different cross-linkers on the material and biological properties of enzymatically degradable PEG hydrogels
A series of enzymatically degradable PEG hydrogels with tunable degradability were prepared by changing the proportions of two cross-linkers, enzymatically degradable cross-linker matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) degradable peptide and non-degradable cross-linker PEG-dithiol, and the effects of the proportion of two cross-linkers on the other properties of PEG hydrogels were also investigated. As the content of the degradable cross-linker increased, their mechanical properties decreased, but their swelling rate gradually increased. LIVE/DEAD cell staining and CCK-8 assay indicated that PEG hydrogels have high biocompatibility and low cytotoxicity, and as the content of the degradable cross-linker increased, the proliferation of cells is more favorable. Furthermore, adipogenic differentiation and osteogenic differentiation assays showed that BMSCs 3D-capsulated in PEG hydrogels can proliferate and then differentiate into osteoblasts or adipocytes, and as the content of degradable cross-linker increased, calcium nodules and the number of fat cells increased. These results demonstrate that the proportions of two cross-linkers have an effect on the physical, chemical and biological properties of PEG hydrogels, and these PEG hydrogels could be used as tissue engineering scaffold materials.
Publication date: 01/02/2020
Author: Siju Liu, Hong Cao, Renqi Guo, Heling Li, Cuifen Lu, Guichun Yang, Junqi Nie, Feiyi Wang, Nianguo Dong, Jiawei Shi, Feng Shi
Polymer Degradation and Stability