Technological watch

New Plasma-based Technology Converts Waste Plastic into Biodegradable Polymers

An interdisciplinary team of researchers at Iowa State University and beyond are set to develop a novel recycling technology to convert the waste plastic films (mainly consisting of polyolefins) into biodegradable polymers at a lower cost compared to current methods.
The effort is being led by Xianglan Bai, associate professor of mechanical engineering (ME) at Iowa State. The researchers hope their findings might help to lessen the amount of plastic waste that currently accumulates on land and in water.
Highly Contaminated Plastic Films
Bai and her multidisciplinary, interinstitutional research team will develop a novel, hybrid, plasma-based conversion technology to efficiently convert heterogeneous and highly contaminated waste plastic films into environmental-friendly polymers.
Our hybrid conversion technology will employ a closed carbon loop approach to convert waste plastics into biodegradable polymers at much improved carbon and energy efficiencies, thereby, promoting both environmental sustainability and circular carbon economy,” Bai said.
Advancing Non-thermal Plasma-based Conversion Technology
Specifically, the researchers plan to advance a process they have developed known as non-thermal plasma-based, chemical conversion technology. Non-thermal plasma, also called cold plasma, is a partially ionized gas with high chemical reactivity, generated by applying a high-voltage electric field to neutral gases. Non-thermal plasma is considered a green low-energy technology due to its ability to use renewable electricity as the power source and its low energy input requirement, according to Bai.
In our studies, we found that in comparison to conventional thermochemical approaches, applying non-thermal plasma-based approaches to biomass or plastics can greatly improve conversion, increase chemical selectivity of the products and lower energy inputs,” said Bai. “In the last two years, my group has published several papers on Green Chemistry to describe our novel plasma-based approaches to convert biomass into high value chemicals.”

This new project, supported by a $2.5 million grant from the Department of Energy’s (DOE) Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, will build upon past research she has done in the realm of plastics. With past funding from DOE, the National Science Foundation, and the Iowa Energy Center, Bai and her team have developed various thermochemical conversion approaches to recycle waste materials and to mitigate the pollutant formation during the recycling process.
Bai will develop a novel non-thermal plasma-based chemical conversion of waste plastics. Other than applying the knowledge about polymer chemistry, the research will also utilize ME principles such as thermodynamics, fluid mechanics and heat transfer.
These ME concepts and methods will be used for feedstock preparation and conversion, reactor design, flow control and heat transfer analysis, and process optimization,” Bai said.
Source: Iowa State University

Publication date: 11/04/2022

Omnexus (news)


This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 870292.